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How to Do Research




Copyright protects authors, composers, filmmakers, and artists from unauthorized copying, display, distribution or sale of their work by others. Copyright applies to any original work that has been fixed in a tangible medium—print, electronic, or audiovisual.

For example: Web pages and their contents are protected by copyright as soon as they are created, with or without a copyright notice. "Borrowing" HTML code and using it to create your own page is an infringement of copyright.

"Fair use" as defined by federal law allows the limited copying of copyrighted works under limited circumstances, when there is insufficent time to request and receive permission. These circumstances include criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.

For example: A student may copy a journal article for the purposes of scholarship and/or research. A student may not post a copy of that same article on his/her web page. Only with the express permission of the copyright owner can you distribute their copyrighted work.

Unless there is a clear indication that original work is in the public domain, or there is a statement by the author that content may be copied without permission, you must assume that everything you see is copyrighted.

Additional information about the "dos" and "don'ts" of copyright is available at:
Ten Big Myths About Copyright Explained
The Copyright Website


Unit 6: Citing Sources: 7 of 7


Why Cite Information Sources? | What Needs to Be Cited? | In-Text Citations | How to Cite | Plagarism: What Is It? | Style Manuals | Copyright & Fair Use | Quick References

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Last updated: Friday, 02-Jul-2004 14:57:31 EDT

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