Copyright protects authors, composers, filmmakers, and artists from unauthorized
copying, display, distribution or sale of their work by others. Copyright
applies to any original work that has been fixed in a tangible mediumprint,
electronic, or audiovisual.
For example: Web pages and their contents are protected by copyright as soon as they are created, with or without a copyright notice. "Borrowing" HTML code and using it to create your own page is an infringement of copyright.
"Fair use" as defined by federal
law allows the limited copying of copyrighted
works under limited circumstances, when
there is insufficent time to request and receive permission. These circumstances
include criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship,
For example: A student may copy a journal article for the purposes of scholarship and/or research. A student may not post a copy of that same article on his/her web page. Only with the express permission of the copyright owner can you distribute their copyrighted work.
Unless there is a clear indication that original work is in the public domain, or there is a statement by the author that content may be copied without permission, you must assume that everything you see is copyrighted.
Last updated: Friday, 02-Jul-2004 14:57:31 EDT